protoeuphratic vs protosemitic


Since the linguistic point of view, from the 5500/5200 coexisted at least three types of languages ​​in the Mesopotamian area: Proto-Semitic at north, Proto-euphratic which was presumably the language of the people of El Obeid who arrival to South from the East, and equally in the South, to many of us like to think that also the Sumerian, mainly attending to the beliefs of the Sumerians themselves, who trace their arrival in the area thousands of years before the discovery and development of writing. Maybe we should not do so if the speculations of linguists in this area, however also modern archaeologists and historians, despite contradictory findings, want to limit the arrival of the Sumerians to more or less the time of the first cuneiform writings.

Nobody has yet dared to certify categorically that type of language was spoken in Eridu at this time, subtracting in this way all the importance to the sumerian mythological chronic  and in order to assert themselves in this position, questioning the origin of the language, is questioned also the origins of the city and its temple, which puts into question absolutely everything we thought we knew so far through the clay tablets with the hard work it took to decipher them. In fact, the Sumerian language is, from an early time, very diluted to the point that since 2600 is necessary to know Akkadian in order to read Sumerian and later learn Aramaic, is not that there are works in Sumerian, but most are copies of later times.

However it is conceivable that the people of El Obeid and the Sumerians came to some kind of agreement or alliance after a first contact who had not necessarily to be lucky. Even so, those people were able to become ultimately in the responsibles for the original human support to expand the Sumerian ideas, given the limited physical presence of this people, shortage of personnel, which would explain the dizzying difussion of that culture that lasted 1800 long years . This may well be so if we consider the close relationship in the  myths among Enki, Eridu’s founder god, with Ninhursag , the Sumerian equivalent of the ancestral mother goddess ( Ki ) , the deity worshiped most likely in the Obeid , a few miles from Eridu , a hypothesis that could be confirmed by the existence of a temple dedicated to this goddess found in the vicinity. The Semites were more fans of Inana / Ishtar who eventually ended up overshadowing to the old mother goddess.


Nevertheless, most seem to agree that the human vehicle for the Sumerian thoughts were exclusively the Semitics, future Akkadian in particular, despite the cosmogonic differences between the mythology of Eridu and the other Sumerian cities, semitized strongly. Similarly that in Egypt cohabited various theologies, reflecting their own socio-cultural divisions of the country, it is possible to distinguish four cosmological versions at least, depending on the political, economic or military dominance of one city or another within the Sumerian anfictionía: Uruk’s tradition, that of Shuruppak that of Nippur and that of Eridu of course.

By the 3700/3500 the period of Uruk, clearly already Sumerian according to specialists, replaces El Obeid and although the craniometry currently has very bad press, the shape of the skull of the Sumerians in the graphical representations does not correspond to the general typology of the skulls found in archaeological sites. In the images, the Sumerian hairless faces all look the same, they are an aesthetic and formal stereotype, the same stylistic concept that used the Egyptians and most of the peoples of antiquity until the triumph of Hellenistic naturalism.


Maybe by then, there was not of the presumed Sumerians of Eridu little more than their language and culture, condensed into the enigmatic ME, a chaotic list of things which includes, rare jewelry endowed with supernatural powers, virtues, musical instruments, defects, inventions, professions, techniques, totaling between fifty and a hundred seemingly disparate things, that were absolute prerogative of the god Enki, with the permission of Anu and the approval of the assembly of other gods . Enlil , the god of Nippur , the chief of the gods , could stay with tablets destinations but powerful ME were  of Enki, but the fact is that none of the gods were skillful at retaining things …

The story begins. From the writings of mud that a renowned scholar something stupid mistook with bird tracks, antediluvian gods who then ruled the minds of people rise to tell us, among many other things that remains to be discovered, much more history before history, than later.