Tartessos: The Carambolo affair


Lately it pretends to deny the relevance of one of many peoples who could not become, frustrated their development by the invasion of other peoples more technologically advanced and more history behind it. Practically what little remains of this forgotten people it wants now exclusively be attributed to the Phoenicians.
I have not been able to find large samples of Phoenician jewelery, which on the other hand, mainly was specialized in the manufacture of  Egyptian and Mesopotamian imitations. Also the Phoenicians priests, like the Egyptians did not use any type of ornamentation, at least nothing like the set pieces carambolo treasure, his habits were simple enough.

 Others try to transmute this outfit in ostentatious trappings for a sacrificial ox but is a somewhat convoluted supposition. For all these reasons, I do not understand because we have to give up the classic definition of “Tartessian Orientalizing” , Phoenician influence is undeniable in the area, hence the “oriental”, but the truth is that we not found anywhere in the vast Phoenician world, nothing like the discovery of the town of Camas, so it seems premature to ignore the existence of Tartessos.
It also presupposes to the tartésian peoples a philo-Hellenism that represents in practice an antagonistic attitude against the Phoenician presence. The interest shown by Argantonio to seek an alliance with the Greek world, despite the shortcomings of the text of Herodotus, appears to show the possibility of the existence of a rivalry between tartesios and Phoenicians, a reflection of the fear of the first in front of the growing presence of the latter. As linguistic curiosity want to add that the suffixes “-essos” y  “-assos”, have been identified by linguists with pre-Greek names of the Balkan Peninsula, presumably pelásgicos, which pass to the Greek language after these invaded the area, although the name probably originally derived from the Semitic Tarshish, despite opposition from a certain number of specialists who like to place the biblical Tarshish in the Indic sea or Africa.
At one point given, the setbacks received by the Greeks in their wars against the Persians, keep apart to the Greeks from the Pillars of Hercules and perhaps the Phoenicians took advantage to strengthen its influence in Tartessos, crushing the resistance of the indigenous eventually and placing their characteristic temples  around if not directly over the tartésian holy sites, practice that has been commonly used in different places and times.
The theory that it is an ox ornaments would be possible if not for the necklace of the stamps, which does not fit, whatever way you look at it. This necklace is more than it appears but its meaning and use remains an enigma, this clearly is not just jewelry, must have an utility that it might have been possible to deduce if it had not lost  unfortunately a piece, apparently another seal, although we can not  to know this for sure, it could be anything else, really.
Perhaps this mysterious pendant was part of some hermetic ritual and  the combination of symbols, its possible meaning eludes us, or perhaps they were used to seal contracts or agreements, rules or laws, or perhaps tales or stories like the Inca quipu, the truth is that we only have a couple of clues at the moment, apparently useless, patterns and numbers, both subject to revision until the missing stamp appears, or it can be inferred its aspect, from the combinations of the others?. Here I leave the challenge.

There are different patterns combined in a particular way based on the numbers 4-2-1:
In the handgrips there are four wave patterns, two of circles with a center point and one of parallel stripes.
On the sides there are four patterns of triangles or zigzag stripes, two circles with a center point and one of waves.
The seals in themselves, the printable base, also have four cruciform design patterns, two somewhat different from the previous design and one with a completely different design:
All this gibberish, can be derived from the lack of imagination of the artist, although I do not think so, I think maybe there is some meaning forgotten in the different combinations of symbols.
We know very little about the ephemeral history of the tartésians, it probably was not a homogeneous group, but was compound by different clans that shared a common language, which has not yet been deciphered.


Maybe the person who wore the necklace and the rest of pieces, was the chief of some supposed eight clans, one for each stamp, who knows. There is evidence that at some point in its history possessed an army of mercenaries Iberians, settled nearby. There is no monumental cities, only several settlements, which supports the theory of the group of clans. Maybe there was a city or a place of worship, a gathering point that could not be found yet. Everything that could have survived the Phoenicians was later dismantled by their African cousins​​, the Carthaginians.

I do not deny that the Phoenicians could imbue on the locals the idea that the development of the metal as from the ore, was something magical or mystical, besides more profitable than hunting rabbits, was oil at the time, after all none of the many wars of this times would have been possible without the coveted metal.