From cannibalism to capitalism VII

Gods. II

 

According to the own Tibetans, an emanation of Chenrezig (Sanskrit: Avalokiteshvara), in the form of monkey, and an emanation of the goddess Tara as a demoness, they copulate and engender a hybrid half monkey, half-devil, whose descendants populate the Yarlung´s Valley, Tibet. what a Mania has people  with pretending to have some genetic link with the supernatural world.

Buddhism, which was in full effervescence in India two hundred years after the birth of Buddha, came to settle in Tibet by the hand of a local military leader apparently native, about who we know no too, if we do not consider what the legend tells:

“According to one indian legend , king Rupati flew over the Himalayas after his defeat in the war of the Mahabharata and reached the valley of Yarlung. There, he was crowned king, by twelve priests bon -the ancestral religion of Tibet- who believed that  Rupati, since that he had descended from heaven, he must be a deity . ”

Then the priests gave him the name of  Nyakhri Tsampo and asked him to please govern to them (?). It seems that Nyakhri Tsampo unified the Tibet for the first time, beginning a military dynasty, although it was not until the seventh century when Buddhism was able to go through the palace gates to enter people’s lives.

“Do not believe in anything simply because it says the tradition, even though many generations of people born in many places have believed it for many centuries. Do not believe in anything for the simple fact that many people believe it or pretend to believe it. Do not believe in anything just because sages have believed it in the past. Do not believe in what your own imagination offers you, falling  into the trap of thinking that God inspires you. Do not believe what the sacred scriptures say just because they say it. Do not believe the priests or any other human being. Believe only what you have yourselves experienced, tested, and accepted after having submitted it to the dictates of reason and the voice of conscience.
Buddha.”

 

For the lamaism, behind of Buddha, is found Padmasambhava , despite of some Tibetans that they think he was a drunk without intention of denying its merits. he was who stated that to grow spiritually we must follow six steps, the first of which teaches that, what we must to do is to learn and experience  with all kinds of doctrines,  following all paths, and then, this is the second step, choose one and discard the others.
The last one is the “comprehension of emptiness,” which is something unavailable from the standpoint of the consumer society. To an experimented meditator, the solid matter is as illusory as it is the spirit, for a Western infidel jaded of the religious abuse.

I do not know if I need to say that Buddhism is not a religion, has no dogma, among other things could be considered a kind of philosophical and moral reform of religion, basically a demystification but it is supported and respects existing cultural wealth, what has led it in many cases to  manifest itself apparently as a religious cult.

The buddhism in Tibet is not just philosophy, in practice is a system of training the mind through which it seeks to nullify the personal instincts and spiritual progress away from physical reality. The “Bempo” (bön po), wizards or sorcerers, shamans  traditional Tibetan, before the arrival of Buddhism, they already practiced exercises of this type, which suggests that it is not a technique originally Buddhist, but much older. The header image shows a seal of the Indus Valley culture (-4000 approx.) where probably a god, in the position usually adopted by Tibetan naldjorpas and Indian yogis to meditate.

There is a “fast track” that achieves the objective at the expense of a high risk, (something like being drawn to the dark side of force) and a “slow road” but safer. In fact the authentic lama is or should be, a kind of mental athlete, a gymnast of the mind. Comes to my head what the Bible account of Christ, he used the loneliness and isolation, fasting for forty days in the desert to acquire “enlightenment”, maybe it could be an example of “fast track”,  out of the Tibetan environment. Besides, the prayers and litanies that are recited passing the beads of a rosary, are ancient Christian practices related to the mechanisms of the Tibetan mystics, designed to facilitate introspection, like a taste for the remote and isolated chapels, the cloisters of the Carthusian , iconography, transcription and study of manuscripts, all this  similarities are lamaists forms of Christianism.

Upper than two thousand feet of altitude, the body shows the effects of oxygen deficiency and are not rare the cases of visions, apparitions, theophanies and others, on the other hand it should not seem strange that in extreme states of exhaustion and hunger people get to see all sorts of things, but it is curious that after the ordeal, those who practise go out, somehow, mentally stronger than before, gifted with more clarity. Neuroscientists have been able to verify that experts Tibetan meditators are able to generate, at will, an intense neuronal activity known as “oscillations in the band gamma” while novices are unable to produce almost nothing. Training, works.

 

“Loneliness, always loneliness, and further each time. With so contemplative life, spirit and senses are sharpened,  observing and reflecting continually, does one become a visionary or rather, has been blind until then? . (Alexandra David-Néel).

If we would like to get an idea on how  those individuals who made up the Mesopotamian pre-urban societies since the -6000, interpret the world, we can still draw on what they think about, the few surviving tribes scattered throughout the world, and that still retain some of their cultural heritage, however in Tibet, a theocratic regime coexists with shamanism, which even is incorporated in the own budhism, in a way, as we could find in Ancient Sumer and Egypt, despite the distance in time and space.

 

No doubt, between Tibet and Sumer or Egypt there is no geographic or climatic similarities , which are often largely define the idiosyncrasies of a people, beliefs are not really the same, is in the sociological point of view where we can find parallels.   Lamas’ world emerged from the Gompas, these monasteries-palace-fortresses that dominate the top of the physical world, is in some way, similar to those of the priests of those ziggurats (ziqqurratu “in Akkadian,” U-nir ” in Sumerian) of  Mesopotamia. A lama in Tibet is for the people in general, a respected figure, feared and loved, near, accessible, a  door to wisdom, knowledge, magic and ritual service. Both Sumerian and Egyptian priests, apparently were able to attract and scare demons, and also teach, heal, perform funeral ceremonies, or execute divination rites, or any type.

Extracorporeal displacement, resistance to extreme cold by the internal heat generated at will (a technique called “tumo”), ectoplasmic creations and  inert objects animation (called “tulpa”), levitation, telepathy, are some of the psychic or spiritual abilities with which ascetics Tibetan mystics work,  devoting many years of his life to meditation in an almost complete solitude, to go a point beyond, from the  mere collective hypnosis or autosuggestion.

 

The gods were coming from Urulula (“the city of another time “), and although little can find out about their physical appearance, they are generally represented with, more or less, human appearance, despite his prodigious skills and the power of their technology . According to the Sumerian-Akkadian tradition the god Enki created the man ( “lu”) combining the essence of a god  produced for this purpose( “we”) to obtain a being (awelu “or” awilu “= man) that was able to meet their needs (in Celtic mythology Awen  is a god who is not a god as such, just represents the creative spirit). The resulting being, enjoyed for a time certain capacities that were  prerogative of the gods, was having a soul (the part of being that survives physical death)  a long life and a special psychic sensitivity. Following the same tradition, Enki dwindled (or was forced to do so) these capabilities, but not removed them, just clouding them, hiding them in some way. Perhaps the study of Tibetan practices, permits the lifting of the veil that prevents us recover our original condition. Significantly, the emphasis it puts in the practice of meditation about the different ways of using the breath and how it relates “the breath of life” (the nephesh Hebrew, “napistu” in Akkadian) in our culture,  with the spirit and soul.

A curious and obscure Sumerian concept in some way shared by Lamaism is that the word for the object, is the essence of the object itself, referring perhaps to the power that the gods had to act through the voice. It is not an unknown concept, remember that Elohim created the universe in seven days, saying, “Let such and such thing exists”. The  Gnostic school born from syncretism of the ancient Greek and Egyptian religion, was used to construct long sequences of syllables and words, more or less altered, in order to influence any aspect of life,  and which today are commonly known as the abracadabras that we attribute to the witches. Tibetans consider the monotonous recitation of  “Om ma ni pad me hung” (pronounced in spanish, “om ma ni pe me hung”) as a mystical formula of the highest level (of course at the same time we should think about each and every one of the meanings which are not few , from each of the syllables that make up this mantra.)

Moreover, the Mesopotamian gods ruled the world through things that are “me”, powers that allowed them to intervene in certain qualities of nature or human culture both rural and urban, those “me” could also have the appearance of utensils or jewels. Gods brandishing or carrying all kinds of artifacts, spheres, scepters, tridents, rings and other shapes more enigmatic (like a strange device that holds Teshub, the Hittite god of storms, in the shape of two semicircles joined by a handle),  are found in mythological representations in all cultures. The “me” really “m-e” is an untranslatable term that could be an anagram, as Ea, that is another name for Enki, also of meaning unknown (the usual translation “water temple” is not “officially” recognized ), are an archaic concept, enigmatic and obscure, exclusive of the gods, in relation to its influence on the lifestyle of men.  “Me” were basically those cultural elements, that were an effect of the wit and creativity of the gods” (J. Bottero).
Although there are lists of things that are “me”, are from as varied nature that its meaning is difficult to determine.

Bibliography:

Jean Bottero “the oldest religion: Mesopotamia.

Alexandra David-Neel, “Wizards and Mystics of Tibet”, “Journey to Lhasa”.

Luis Alberto Nieves, “To practice Buddhism today.

Aadmodt Sandra and Sam Wang, “Wellcome to your brain.”

http://txyz.selfip.org

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